Artificial Intelligence

HOW ITS CHANGING THE WORLD

From the research we do on the Internet to the goods that come to our door with a single click, technology is directly in our lives. Artificial Intelligence has revolutionized technology in all industries and solved many problems faced by humanity.

Artificial Intelligence is the use of computer science programming to imitate human thought and action by analyzing data and surroundings, solving or anticipating problems, learning of self-teaching, or adapting to a variety of tasks.

It is the ability of a digital computer or computer-controlled robot to perform tasks commonly associated with intelligent beings. The term applies to the project of developing systems endowed with the intellectual processes characteristic of humans, such as the ability to reason, discover meaning, generalize, or learn from experience. Since the development of the digital computer in the 1940s, its been a demonstration that computers are programmed to carry out very complex tasks—such as, for example, discovering proofs for mathematical theorems or playing chess—with proficiency.

Still, despite continuing advances in computer processing speed and memory capacity, there are yet no programs that can match human flexibility over wider domains or in tasks requiring much everyday knowledge. On the other hand, some programs have attained the performance levels of human experts and professionals in performing specific tasks, so artificial intelligence in this limited sense is found in applications as diverse as medical diagnosis, computer search engines, and voice or handwriting recognition.

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND PROBLEM SOLVING:

Problem-solving, particularly in artificial intelligence, may be characterized as a systematic search through a range of possible actions to reach some predefined goal or solution. Problem-solving methods are divided into:

  • Special-Purpose
  • General-Purpose 

A special-purpose method is tailor-made for a particular problem and often exploits specific features of the situation in which the problem is embedded. 

In contrast, a general-purpose method applies to a wide variety of problems. One general-purpose technique used in AI is means-end analysis — a step-by-step, or incremental, reduction of the difference between the current state and the final goal. The program selects actions from a list of means—in the case of a simple robot. This might consist of PICKUP, PUT DOWN, MOVE FORWARD, MOVE BACK, MOVE LEFT, and MOVE RIGHT—until the goal is reached.

Many diverse problems have been solved by AI programs. Some examples are finding the winning move (or sequence of moves) in a board game, devising mathematical proofs, and manipulating ‘virtual objects’ in a computer-generated world.

What AI Can Do:

  • AI makes lives more efficient, powering many programs and services that help them do everyday things, such as connecting with friends and using an email program or ride share service.
  • AI can dramatically improve the efficiency of our workplaces and eliminate the necessity for humans to perform tedious tasks. When Artificial Intelligence takes over repetitive or dangerous tasks, it frees up humans, allowing them to perform tasks that involve creativity, and leaves enough room and time for the interpersonal aspects of their lives.
  • The finance industry is using AI to analyze data to find the best avenues for investing money. Banking and the finance industry rely heavily on Artificial Intelligence, taking full advantage of this technology in customer service, fraud protection, and more. A simple example is an automated email that a person receives from the bank whenever an out-of-the-ordinary transaction is; done.
  • We also use AI in navigation and travel when we book a flight ticket, using Google or Apple maps for navigating or calling Uber.
  • In the agricultural industry, some artificial robots are capable enough for harvesting in a faster and higher way than humans.
  • We can expect a different future for healthcare, with operations performed by a robot surgeon. A physical surgeon will only be a spectator. Nanotechnology engineers have 3D-printed a life-like functional blood vessel network that would pave the way towards artificial organs and regenerative therapies.
  • Social robots can be used in health and education systems; to support therapists. They can be programmed to practice vocabulary with children.
  • Criminal justice algorithms could have a function in supporting the rule of law in the criminal justice system. AI can be used to predict crime, and, thanks to AI, we will see judgments from which human bias and the emotional way of thinking of judges have been removed.
  • Smart weather forecasting has given us much-needed insight into extreme climatic events and AI has aptly demonstrated its indispensability in analyzing smart disaster responses.
  • Artificial Intelligence and the global use of Big Tech, facial recognition, cybernetics, robotics, drones, 5G, smartphones, crypto currencies, bio-digital social programs, autonomous weapons, social manipulation, invasion of privacy, and tracking of information without consent could have potentially harmful effects.
  • The best examples of AI in daily life are travel navigation, smart home devices, smartphones, drones, and smart cars. Tesla electric cars are a prime example of how Artificial Intelligence is impacting people’s daily lives, while companies like Amazon and Walmart are investing heavily in drone delivery programs.
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